Banknotes & Counterfeit Deterrence

Every country has legal restrictions on the reproduction of banknote images. The counterfeiting of currency is a crime, and while restrictions vary from country to country, in some countries, any reproduction of banknote images – even for artistic or advertising uses – is strictly forbidden. Even in countries that allow some limited use of banknote images, there are specific rules and requirements. This website will provide you with information about reproducing banknote images and links to country-specific websites for further guidance.


While the overall economic losses to society from counterfeiting of currency are generally limited, the victims who suffer the most harm are individuals and businesses, because no one reimburses those who accept counterfeit notes. Counterfeit currency can also undermine confidence in the payment system, making the public uncertain about accepting cash for transactions.

The Central Bank Counterfeit Deterrence Group (CBCDG) is responsible for this website. A counterfeit deterrence system (CDS) has been developed by the CBCDG to deter the use of personal computers, digital imaging equipment, and software in the counterfeiting of banknotes. The CDS has been voluntarily adopted by hardware and software manufacturers, and prevents personal computers and digital imaging tools from capturing or reproducing the image of a protected banknote. The technology does not have the capacity to track the use of a personal computer or digital imaging tools.

For information specific to a particular country or the banknote image you want to use, click on the appropriate region on the map or select the relevant country or currency from the list.

1.

Regions:

Select a region from the list or click on the map below
 

Currency:

Countries:

Languages:

NOK – Norwegian krone Norway Norwegian

Official bank or department:

Contact information:

Links:

Norges Bank

Mr Trond Eklund
Norges Bank
P.O. Box 1179
Bankplassen 2
0107 Oslo
Norway

Tel.: +47 2 231 6301

Guidelines for the reproduction of Norwegian banknote and coin designs

General information about the reproduction of banknotes:

The design of Norwegian banknotes and coins is subject to copyright protection pursuant to Act No. 2 of 12 May 1961 relating to Copyright in Literary, Scientific and Artistic Works, etc. (Copyright Act). The guidelines are designed to promote compliance with the law in this area. Without the prior consent of the originator, any form of modification in design will in principle be in conflict with the law.

The copyright is owned partly by Norges Bank and partly by the artist. The artist transfers the right to use the design (motif) to Norges Bank for the central bank’s ordinary use of the banknote or coin design. The residual copyright, i.e. the right to use the work of art (motif) in another context, is retained by the artist. The copyright expires 70 years after the artist’s death.

The right to modify or use the entire banknote or coin design, or a part thereof, in a context other than ordinary use by the central bank requires prior consent by the owner of the copyright. The Norwegian Visual Artists Copyright Society (BONO) handles copyright matters on behalf of visual artists.

The guidelines for the reproduction of Norwegian banknote and coin designs shall contribute to ensuring that:

  • reproductions are not confused with genuine banknotes and coins;
  • the originator is protected.

The guidelines apply whether the entire banknote or coin design is reproduced or just a part thereof, irrespective of purpose or method.

The guidelines do not apply to Norges Bank’s information and communication activities.

Reproduction in printed media:

The reproduction of a banknote in printed media must be in accordance with the following guidelines in order to avoid the risk of confusion (all the conditions must be satisfied):

  • Banknote designs must not be reproduced as a “banknote” with an obverse and a reverse. If the banknote design is reproduced on one side, the other side must not in any way resemble a banknote design.
  • Reproductions of banknotes must not be the same size as actual notes. If a reproduction is smaller, it shall be at most 50% as long and 50% as wide as the original. If a reproduction is larger, it shall be at least 150% as long and 150% as wide as the original. These conditions also apply to the reproduction of part of a banknote design.
  • Producing data files with the intention of reproducing a banknote design with a resolution higher than 72 dpi is not permitted.

Reproduction in electronic media:

The reproduction of a banknote in electronic media must be in accordance with the following guidelines in order to avoid the risk of confusion (all the conditions must be satisfied):

  • Data files (for production or storage) for reproducing entire banknotes or parts thereof must not have a resolution higher than 72 dpi.
  • The reproduction must have the word “SPECIMEN” overprinted diagonally across the image of the banknote so that the text covers no less than 50% of the length of the banknote and the letters of the word measure no less than 15% of the height of the banknote.

For more information on the use of banknote and coin designs, contact Norges Bank,
tel. +47 2 231 6000.