Banknotes & Counterfeit Deterrence

Every country has legal restrictions on the reproduction of banknote images. The counterfeiting of currency is a crime, and while restrictions vary from country to country, in some countries, any reproduction of banknote images – even for artistic or advertising uses – is strictly forbidden. Even in countries that allow some limited use of banknote images, there are specific rules and requirements. This website will provide you with information about reproducing banknote images and links to country-specific websites for further guidance.

While the overall economic losses to society from counterfeiting of currency are generally limited, the victims who suffer the most harm are individuals and businesses, because no one reimburses those who accept counterfeit notes. Counterfeit currency can also undermine confidence in the payment system, making the public uncertain about accepting cash for transactions.

The Central Bank Counterfeit Deterrence Group (CBCDG) is responsible for this website. A counterfeit deterrence system (CDS) has been developed by the CBCDG to deter the use of personal computers, digital imaging equipment, and software in the counterfeiting of banknotes. The CDS has been voluntarily adopted by hardware and software manufacturers, and prevents personal computers and digital imaging tools from capturing or reproducing the image of a protected banknote. The technology does not have the capacity to track the use of a personal computer or digital imaging tools.

For information specific to a particular country or the banknote image you want to use, click on the appropriate region on the map or select the relevant country or currency from the list.



Select a region from the list or click on the map below




ZAR-South African Rand Republic of South Africa English

Official bank or department:

Contact information:


South African Reserve Bank

Currency Management Department
Currency Integrity Division
Telephone number +27 12 313 3911


South African Reserve Bank

General information about the reproduction of banknotes:

In view of the primary objective of the South African Reserve Bank to protect the value of the currency, it is essential for the Bank to protect the image and integrity of its currency, thereby retaining the confidence of the public therein. Its policy on the reproduction of images of South African currency ensures that entities other than the Bank reproduce images of the Bank's banknotes and coins under specific approved circumstances only, and that any reproduction of images is done in such a manner that any risk of misleading or defrauding the public as a result of imitations thereof is prevented.

Criminal sanction for counterfeiting:

Section 34(1)(c) and (d) of the South African Reserve Bank Act No. 90 of 1989 provides that any person who without the authority of the Bank " engraves or makes upon any material whatsoever any words, figures, letters, marks, lines or devices the print whereof resembles in whole or in part any words, figures, letters, marks, lines or devices peculiar to and used in or upon any note of the Bank or any coin which is legal tender; or uses or knowingly has in his possession any material whatsoever upon which has been engraved or made any such words, figures, letters, marks, lines or devices" shall be guilty of an offence. Such a person shall on conviction be liable to imprisonment for a period not exceeding five years.


Reproduction in printed media:


Link to reproduction rules in printed media

Reproduction in electronic media:


Link to repruduction in electronic media